The Hawkesbury Dining Guide
New South Wales, Australia.
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A LITTLE LOCAL HISTORY
Lachlan Macquarie was appointed Governor of NSW in April 1809 and took up his commision as Governor upon his arrival in the Colony on 1st January 1810.
Macquarie regarded the colony as a settlement and community and not just a penal colony and he set in motion an extensive public works program.
Many examples of Macquarie’s works have survived up to the present day with several being located in the Hawkesbury Region. Windsor in particular has Australia’s oldest pub, the appropriately named, Macquarie Arms. Other notable structures include the St Matthews Church of England, the nearby rectory and Windsor Courthouse.
Macquarie made enemies among the free settlers by granting rights to ex convicts. Many of the free settlers tried to restrict the rights of the convict classes in order to further their own ambitions.
In spite of this opposition, Macquarie continued to extend tickets of leave to convicts, many of whom became successful business and community leaders. Hence the Australian value of “A Fair Go” was born, thanks to the efforts of Lachlan Macquarie.
The following is an extract from Macquarie’s journal 6th Dec 1810.
A large Party of Friends dined with us today, consisting in all of 21 Persons, including our own Family. -- After Dinner I christened the new Townships, drinking a Bumper to the success of each. -- I gave the name of Windsor to the Town intended to be erected in the District of the Green Hills, in continuation of the present Village, from the similarity of this situation to that of the same name in England; the Township in the Richmond District I have named Richmond, from its beautiful situation, and as corresponding with that of its District; the Township for the Evan or Nepean District I have named Castlereagh in honor of Lord Viscount Castlereagh; the Township of the Nelson District I have named Pitt-Town in honor of the immortal memory of the late great William Pitt, the Minister who originally planned this Colony; and the Township for the Phillip District; on the North or left Bank of the Hawkesbury, I have named Wilberforce -- in honor of and out of respect to the good and virtuous Wm. Wilberforce Esqr. M.P. -- a true Patriot and the real Friend of Mankind.
A statue of Lachlan Macquarie (above) is to be found in the park at Windsor opposite the St Matthews Church of England (below) which was designed by Francis Greenway
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